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    {Horak}

    © MIM Photo Anne Deknock
  • IND ?> Inv. number

    3665

  • CN/NP ?> Common name / Nominal Pitch

    Oboe in C

  • TS ?> Type or system

    13 keys and 2 rings.

  • MK ?> Maker

    Horak, Johann Wenzel

  • IN ?> Mark, inscriptions

    (Bohemian lion) / J. HORAK / PRAG / * – on all 3 parts.

  • PL ?> Place of origin Prague
  • DM ?> Date of making 2nd half of the 19th century.
  • MATERIALS Boxwood with nickel silver keywork.
  • MEASUREMENTS
  • Body Length 567mm
  • TJ length (body + tenon) 220mm + 16.7mm
  • MJ length (body +tenon) 257mm + 17.5mm
  • B length 90mm
  • Acoustic Length 326mm
  • BORE
  • Minimal bore c4.0mm
  • Reed well diameter 7.3mm
  • Bore at end of TJ 10.2mm
  • Bore at top of MJ 11.3mm
  • Bore at end of MJ 20.3mm
  • Bore at top of B 21.6mm
  • TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION

    Keyheads have various designs, in-between Heyde type-181/4, 6 and 9, all on pillars and axles.

    Elaborate Sellner-oboe lay-out with 13 keys /14 touches (duplicate for Bb) and 2 rings.

    On TJ: Speaker (slur key or octave key), D or C# trill for L3, C for R1, Bb for R1 with duplicate for L0, G# for L4;

    On MJ: F# vent on axle linked with ‘Brille’ key , cross-F; left F, left Eb and low B with long levers for L4, low B key on MJ, C-C#-Eb.

    Left F and Left Eb both with separate tone-holes.

    left Eb, low B and F in 'French' layout, the left Eb being on the ‘inside’.

    SATK (springs attached to the key).

    Lower key-holes milled out and countersunk.

    Wooden thumb rest.

    3rd hole doubled with finger cove.

    Short bell with inner rim, no vent-holes.

    Metal lining: sockets, joint and bell ends. Upper key-holes with metal insert.

  • FL ?> Faults

    Fair condition: small crack in top brass ferrule. Body polish worn. One key loose. Some springs and pads missing. Several cracks in bell. Bottom bell ferrule missing.

  • CS ?> Case

    Leather-covered wooden case, marked “Albert de Wildeman”. Instruments fits in 2 parts. Dimensions: (LxDxH)  437 x 110 x 83mm.
    Reed box present for 3 reeds (absent) of max. length 66mm. Dimensions: (LxDxH) 83.3 x 48.1 x 15.8mm.
    Wooden container, barrel with round lid, containing a glass bottle (for oil). Lid containing screwdriver. Second space identical with the one for the little barrel, only a little smaller, empty.

  • UP ?> Usable Pitch

    Only left hand notes could be played pointing towards A = c430Hz with reed TL 68.9mm / staple 42mm /7.7mm.

  • PC ?> Performance Characteristics

    Instrument could not be evaluated accurately due to bad condition.

  • PO ?> Previous Ownership

    Gift of Carlier, “hautboïste de Léopold II”. Brown (2006) p.27 reports that Albert de Wildeman (see above) was a student of Schidlik at the Ghent conservatory where he obtained a 1st prize in 1882. 

  • Remarks

    Bohemian oboes were not common in Belgium. Frantisek Schidlik (1814–post 1885), the oboe professor of the Ghent Conservatory and himself a Bohemian immigrant, is probably responsible for the presence of this instrument, which he likely sold to his student Albert de Wildeman (see above).

    Archival documents from the Ghent Conservatory show that Schidlik changed to French oboes by Triebert in the 1870s.